Adiscretionary account is a brokerage account in which the broker is
permitted to buy and sell securities on behalf of the investor. If you
have this type of account, you agree to allow your brokerage firm
to decide which securities to buy and sell, as well as the amount
and price to be paid and received. For an unethical broker, a discretionary
account is the answer to all prayers!
Determine whether a margin call takes place in the following situation:
The margin requirement set by the Federal Reserve is 50 percent, and the brokerage
firm’s maintenance margin requirement is 40 percent. The investor buys 100
shares of Cisco at $15 per share. The share price drops to $13 per share.
Commissions are ignored in this example.
Purchase price 100 shares Cisco $15 per share $1,500
Investor’s equity (50% * $1,500) 750
Borrowing in margin account 750
Value of Cisco at $13 per share 1,300
Less borrowed amount (750)
Investor’s equity $550
Investor’s equity percentage (550/1,300) 42.3%
Because this percentage exceeds the maintenance margin requirement of 40
percent, no margin call is placed.
You should monitor the activity in your discretionary account
monthly to determine whether your broker has engaged in any
excessive trading for the sole purpose of earning more commissions.
In this process, called churning, stocks are turned over
frequently even though they have only moved up or down a few
points. Unless you know the broker and trust him or her implicitly,
be careful with a discretionary account.
Categories in Trading Mistakes
Lack of Trading Plan
Planning plays a key role in the success or failure of any endeavor
Using too much Leverage
Determining the proper capital requirements for trading is a difficult task
Failure to control Risk
Refusing to employ effective risk control measures can ensure your long-term failure
Lack of Discipline
A lack of discipline can destroy even the most talented and best prepared trader
Useful Advices to Beginning Trader
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