Country funds specialize in the securities of a particular country.
Country funds can be open-end or closed-end, but most country
funds are closed-end. Examples of these are the Korea fund, the
Italy fund, the Thai fund, the Japan fund, and ASA, Ltd., which
specializes in South African gold mining companies.
Many of the securities in these portfolios are thinly traded
stocks, which points to an advantage of choosing a closed-end fund
over an open-end country fund. With closed-end funds, portfolio
managers do not have to sell stocks in their portfolios to meet the
redemption needs of their shareholders. The number of shares is
fixed at the initial offering, and after they are all sold, they trade on
the exchange or the OTC market. Open-end portfolio managers
have to sell some of their portfolio holdings to raise cash to buy
back shares from shareholders at NAVs.
Closed-end funds could trade at large discounts or premiums
to their NAVs depending on the supply of and demand for their
stocks and other factors. Potential investors in closed-end funds
should be aware of their NAVs so that they do not end up buying
a fund that is trading at a healthy premium over the NAV.
Country funds make it very easy for investors to invest in
markets about which they have very little knowledge and information.
For instance, stock markets in Turkey, India, New Zealand,
South Africa, and Singapore have outperformed many other
markets. For investors who do not have the time or inclination to
research these markets for promising individual stocks, there is the
convenience of a county fund. In selecting country funds, investors
still need to be aware of the country’s potential economic outlook,
political stability, and exchange rates. Country funds are specialized
to those countries and, as a result, may be quite volatile.
When the Japanese stock market rose to its 10-year high,
Japanese country funds were trading at large premiums to their
NAVs. Then the Japanese stock market plummeted, and Japanese
country funds traded at deep discounts to their NAVs.
Categories in Trading Mistakes
Lack of Trading Plan
Planning plays a key role in the success or failure of any endeavor
Using too much Leverage
Determining the proper capital requirements for trading is a difficult task
Failure to control Risk
Refusing to employ effective risk control measures can ensure your long-term failure
Lack of Discipline
A lack of discipline can destroy even the most talented and best prepared trader
Useful Advices to Beginning Trader
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